What is the benefit of mud treatment?

There are many different types of medical, health and preventive procedures. And in what cases will mud therapy help? And how to properly conduct it?

A bit of history

Mud therapy as a direction of medicine appeared quite a long time ago, this method was practiced by the ancient healers Galen and Pliny. They noticed that the silt of the Nile River can have the most positive effect on the human body and even help get rid of some diseases.

As for the CIS countries, the mud began to be used in the South even during the rule of the khans of the Golden Horde. But the active use and detailed study of this method began only at the end of the XIX century.

Is any dirt useful?

What kind of dirt is used for treatment? Of course, not any. There are several main types:

  • Peat mud is one of the varieties of marsh sediments, which differs from the others by a high degree of decomposition. In such mud contains a variety of organic substances, the activity of which increases significantly during thermal exposure (that is, with increasing temperature).This type of mud is present in forests and sometimes in mountainous areas.
  • Sulphide silt mud is a deposition of predominantly saline reservoirs remaining at the bottom. There are not so many organic (natural) substances in them, but there are a lot of very different salts and minerals. Often such dirt is considered essential and is used more often than others. They are mined mainly from salty continental lakes, from various keys, as well as from bays, estuaries and seaside lakes.
  • Sopochnye mud - this is a clayey discharge of mud volcanoes. Such mud is distinguished from all the others by its unique and unusual organic composition, as well as by the presence in the composition of generally accepted therapeutic elements, such as iodine and bromine.
  • Sapropel muds are various bottom sediments of freshwater bodies. Although they are often used less often than others, they have a pronounced therapeutic effect due to the presence of a huge amount of various organic components (for example, the remains of inhabitants of a reservoir, algae, etc.), biostimulants, as well as significant thermal effects. Sapropelovye sources of mud are in many European countries.
  • Hydrothermal muds are formed in places with increased volcanic activity.In fact, they are the result of leaching gas-vapor jets containing carbon dioxide, various decomposition of volcanic rocks. The degree of mineralization is low, but there is an acid reaction and elevated temperatures (about 95 degrees).
  • Fango These muds are clays of volcanic origin, which are mixed with thermal waters. Such a mixture becomes an excellent habitat for the breeding of bacteria. And it is the vital activity of microorganisms that leads to the formation of a unique composition - fango.

Mud composition

It is believed that any dirt consists of three main parts:

  1. Mud skeleton or base. It includes sand or clay particles or crystallized salts.
  2. Mud solution. It contains various dissolved salts and other particles that are formed as a result of the activity of microfauna or microflora under the influence of special microorganisms-mud generators.
  3. Colloidal complex. It is a collection of various organic substances, humus.

Also, as a result of the activity of various microorganisms, organic acids and volatile substances, various gases form in the mud.The specific composition of the dirt and the ratio of its components will depend on the place of origin.

What are the effects on the human body?

Mud treatment has several immediate effects:

  • Organic acids have a local irritant effect on the skin, due to which the blood supply to the tissues improves markedly.
  • Gases can easily penetrate the skin and carry away small particles, bringing them into the body.
  • Thermal exposure. The curative mud has a low thermal conductivity and high heat capacity, therefore, it can provide not only long-term heat preservation, but also its gradual return, that is, penetration into the tissues. And, as you know, under the influence of heat, metabolic processes are accelerated, blood circulation improves.
  • Mechanical impact. Scientists have shown that when rubbing dirt and skin, a difference in electrical potentials occurs, and this also has a beneficial effect and enhances the effect of treatment. This effect of mud allows you to use mucous membranes, nerve endings, receptors, which has a positive effect on the work of the cardiovascular and central nervous systems.
  • Chemical exposure.Chemical elements (there are a lot of them in the mud) partially penetrate the tissues of the body and affect their work.

Pros and cons of treatment

First, let's list the advantages of mud therapy:

  • Positive effect.
  • The procedure will relax and get positive emotions.
  • Relatively low cost of treatment.
  • Mud treatment is completely painless.
  • No effort is required from the patient.

Now some flaws:

  • For some, even thoughts about dirt cause disgust.
  • There are contraindications, and quite numerous.
  • There is a chance of developing allergic reactions.
  • Some dirt is not easily removed from the skin.

Indications and contraindications

Indications for mud therapy:

  • diseases of the joints and the musculoskeletal system, for example, arthrosis or arthritis (treatment of the joints is one of the first places);
  • bone diseases (osteomyelitis);
  • muscle disease;
  • connective tissue diseases such as rheumatism;
  • endocrine system diseases;
  • metabolic disorders;
  • diseases of the genitourinary system (in both men and women);
  • certain diseases of the nervous system;
  • diseases of the digestive system;
  • a variety of skin ailments;
  • injuries and their consequences;
  • depression, apathy;
  • cardiovascular diseases;
  • respiratory diseases.

There are the following contraindications:

  • chronic diseases in the acute stage;
  • acute infections;
  • oncological diseases, neoplasms of unclear nature;
  • pregnancy;
  • depletion of the body;
  • tuberculosis;
  • bleeding;
  • some heart conditions;
  • vascular diseases such as varicose veins;
  • diseases of the hematopoietic system;
  • thyroid disease;
  • some gynecological diseases.

How is the procedure?

Most often mud treatment is carried out in a sanatorium. There are several basic methods of using therapeutic mud:

  • Mud baths. The person is immersed in a bath with water, in which mud is diluted.
  • Appliques. Muds are superimposed on individual areas or the entire body.
  • Exposure to dirt and current.
  • Vaginal or rectal mud tampons.

The procedure takes an average of 15-40 minutes, depending on the indications.

Be treated with mud and stay healthy!

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