What is useful for us fennel?
Many of those who see fennel for the first time can confuse its stems with ordinary dill, because they are really very similar in appearance, they even belong to the same family, but still are different types of plants.
It is believed that Italy and Asia Minor are the birthplace of such a close relative of dill, from where fennel was distributed throughout Europe, and a little later all over the continents of the earth.
The ancient inhabitants of the planet had known about its valuable and very useful properties since time immemorial, such well-known healers of the ancient world like Hippocrates and Avicenna suggested using it for eye diseases, as well as an excellent expectorant and diuretic.
In the modern world, fennel is grown on almost all continents of the globe, with the exception of Antarctica and Antarctica.
Wild forms of this plant can be found in the Caucasus and in the steppe regions of the Crimea, but cultivated fennel is grown on special plantations.In total there are two main types of this plant: ordinary fennel or, as it is also called, pharmacy, which is used for medicinal purposes, as well as Italian fennel.
The latter is also called vegetable, because it has a more fleshy stem, which is actively used in cooking by the peoples of Southern Europe and the Mediterranean. In principle, all parts of this plant can be eaten: petioles, seeds, stems and leaves, each of which is suitable for a specific group of dishes.
The useful and healing properties of fennel, which it has a considerable variety, are widely used not only in cooking, but also in medicine, most often as an expectorant or carminative, but, in fact, the scope of its possible use is much wider.
A great advantage of this product is the fact that it can be fully used in cooking, and each part has a unique and unique taste: for example, the fruits have a sweet-spicy aroma, slightly close to anise, and dried seeds are excellent as savory spices.
The stalks and the unusual shape of the leaves of fennel allow it to be used as a decoration of dishes, they can also be diluted with a light salad or a main dish.When choosing such a product in the store, be sure to pay attention to its fruits - they must be dense, light green or white, with a pleasant, refreshing smell.
Remember that all the valuable and useful properties of this product are not stored for too long, so it is better not to delay with its preparation.
Fennel stews are often used as a light side dish for meat or pasta, and its combination with white fish is a special dish for real gourmets. Another good combination that has been successfully used by many culinary specialists: fennel and ginger.
This blow is able to serve as an excellent dressing for fish or meat, or act as a custard tea, which fights badly against colds and mild ailments. In addition, the stems and leaves of fennel are successfully used as flavors for various kinds of canned foods and pickles.
It is worth noting that fennel is also an excellent product for those who want to lose weight, because its 100 grams contains only 30 calories, which is an ideal ratio for those who take care of their figure. For example, tea with fennel allows you to accelerate the metabolic processes in the body, and therefore accelerate and reduce weight.
If you chew a few seeds of such a plant, you can reduce your appetite or for some time get rid of the oppressive feeling of hunger. There are recipes for various tinctures made from fennel and other useful herbs that help to get rid of stress, which is an important accompanying detail for those who are on strict diets.
Composition and useful properties
The main component, which is very useful for the health of the human body, is the essential oil of fennel, the amount of which can reach from 2 to 6 percent!
It has sweet and bitter ingredients (fenghon and anethole), as well as flavonoids, quercetin and other substances that contribute to the activation of kidney function and intestinal function, help to cope with winter colds, flu, and also the so-called "winter melancholy" that expressed by a bad mood, weakened immune system and general malaise.
This amazing plant contains a large number of vitamins (C, E, PP and certain species of group B), as well as minerals that are so necessary for the human body: magnesium, calcium, iron, zinc, chromium, copper, aluminum and others.
Fennel is an excellent product that can prevent or overcome many diseases, it has a powerful healing, expectorant, anti-inflammatory, sedative, bactericidal and antiviral properties.
Due to this, it is successfully used for the treatment and prevention of many colds, viral and inflammatory processes, it can be used as an independent tool, and can be combined with other medicinal plants, for example, mint or valerian.
The seeds of this plant are successfully used to treat diseases of the lungs and bronchi, it is an excellent expectorant, which is prescribed for bronchitis, laryngitis, tracheitis, etc. The value of this tool is that the seeds also have a antipyretic effect, have diaphoretic properties and help to cope with a cold.
The well-known "dill water", which has long been used as a very effective carminative for colic and other stomach problems in newborns, can also be made from fennel. It is best to use its seeds for these purposes, “water”, prepared from them is considered more effective.
Not only in babies, but also in adults, the fruits of fennel relieve stomach cramps well, and also help get rid of all sorts of stomach disorders and dysbacteriosis and significantly improve appetite.
In addition, fennel is famous for its light diuretic effect, which is used in the treatment of kidneys, stone formation and inflammatory processes.
In addition, this plant also has a powerful antifungal property, it can be used as a fungicidal agent for diseases of hair and skin. A decoction of fennel herb is used to treat conjunctivitis, as well as used to get rid of redness and inflammation from the eyes.
You can buy fennel in powder form in pharmacies, but you can, if you want to grow it in your summer cottage. Contraindications, as such, fennel does not have, the only thing that can be encountered in the use and treatment of such a product can be individual intolerance to the body.
It should also be remembered that pregnant and lactating women should be treated with the use of fennel with great care, the same applies to people who suffer from epileptic seizures.
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