What is brucellosis?
Brucellosis is a zoonotic infectious disease that affects the musculoskeletal system, the heart and blood vessels, the nervous and reproductive systems. The causative agent of the disease are bacteria of the genus Brucella, the main owner of which is cattle: sheep, goats, as well as pigs. The main routes of transmission can be called fecal-oral, contact-household and aerogenic. If you are associated with animals, for example, you work as a veterinarian, shepherd, employee of a bacteriological laboratory or a wool processing factory, then you are at risk. Most dangerous are raw dairy products and poorly roasted meat.
Brucella enter the body through lesions on the skin or mucous membranes. After the end of the incubation period, depending on the individual characteristics of the organism, the hematogenous phase begins. In this case, you may be disturbed by malaise, fatigue, decreased performance, the appearance of pain in the joints, muscles and lower back.In the future, lymph nodes increase, signs of intoxication increase, body temperature rises, chills and sweat appear, an increase in the size of the liver and spleen is observed.
Fever can torment you for up to 3-4 weeks, taking a wave-like character. The acute stage of brucellosis can become chronic, causing the development of arthritis, bursitis, tendovaginitis, radiculitis, intercostal neuralgia, meningoencephalitis, urogenital pathology in men and various genital disorders in women. Severe effects of brucellosis are progressing due to irreversible fibro-cicatricial transformations involving the nerve plexuses, trunks, roots, etc. in the process. Organic changes in your musculoskeletal system require surgical intervention and determination of the disability group.
To diagnose the disease, they will take a blood test and conduct 3-4 serological methods of examination. The intradermal allergy test Byrne became widespread. Treatment of the disease is carried out in an outpatient clinic and hospital, depending on the severity of the patient's condition.As a rule, the doctor prescribes two antibiotics at once, for example, Rifampicin together with Doxycycline, Doxycycline with Streptomycin, and Oflaksacin with Rifampicin. In addition, you can be given detoxification products, Methionine and mild immunostimulants: Pentoxyl, Dibazol and Timalin. For pain, procaine blockade is used.
If you have a chronic form of the disease, physiotherapy exercises and spa treatment are shown to you. Disease prevention is aimed at reducing and eradicating the incidence of brucellosis in farm animals by conducting veterinary-sanitary and medical-sanitary enterprises.
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