What is kirigami?

Many of us know such a name as origami, in other words, the art of folding from ordinary paper a wide variety of figures. Needless to say, this kind of hand-made for some is even a favorite hobby and a wonderful distraction from the bustle of the modern world. But what is kirigami?

In fact, this art derives precisely from origami, only the process allows the use of scissors and glue. Thus, more opportunities are opened for the creation of another figure - in the hands of a real master of Kirigami, an ordinary sheet of paper can turn into a real miracle!

It is believed that the founder of this new direction in the art of working with paper was the Japanese architect Masahito Chatani in 1980. In the process of creating paper mock-ups of his architectural designs, he used ordinary scissors to make the result not only voluminous, but also airy, because in this performance the details are seen much better.

Without waiting for that, the architect laid down a completely new concept of working with paper, which became a kind of continuation or branch of origami.The name of art is fully consistent with its essence, because “kami” can be translated as “paper” from Japanese, and the word “kira” means “cut”, which, as a result, means to cut paper.

By the way, you may not have realized, but you can also call yourself a Kiriga master, if at least once in your life you cut out snowflakes or other trifles from paper to decorate the house for the New Year. In general, using the technique of kirigami, you can do almost anything, from simple flowers, animal figures, the same snowflakes or silhouette objects, to complex architectural buildings, figures of ships, cars, and so on.

Such art is also used for completely different purposes: someone just takes it for a fascinating hobby, someone begins to decorate the interior of his own house with intricate figures. In addition, with the help of such techniques, unusual gifts for gifts are obtained, as well as incredibly beautiful voluminous postcards - a great gift for a holiday or just a token of attention on any other day.

What are the?

As mentioned above, the simplest kinds of Kirigami is flat Kirigami, for example, all the same snowflakes or other elements carved from the picture.As a result of such creativity, a sheet should appear, on which through the open cuts an openwork pattern appears. The resulting work can be glued to a more dense and color-different basis, for example, a colored sheet of cardboard.

By the way, flat kirigami, "planted" on a contrasting background is called "in the oriental style." The European approach has its own characteristics - cutting out figures in a closed circle (again, Christmas snowflakes).

In addition to the flat, there is also volumetric kirigami, which is considered more complex and laborious, however, it has much more similar features with origami. To make the figures in the technique of volumetric kirigami, the paper is first incised in certain places (in accordance with the conceived pattern), then folded in a special way.

As a result, you can get very interesting figures, made in several tiers, delicate and amazing. Today there are masters who, with the help of such techniques, create their own unique masterpieces by their own hands, from which it is difficult to look away. Sometimes it is even hard to believe that such a miracle can be done with ordinary paper and scissors.

Of course, if you just try yourself in such art, then you need to start small: try to do something simple, perhaps in flat technique. Over time, you can go to the three-dimensional figures, for today there are many ready-made schemes by kirigami, on which you can recreate creations of any complexity.

The use of such schemes is simple: solid lines must be cut with scissors or a clerical knife, and by dotted lines - perform folds. Over time, if you feel that you have already learned a lot, you may be able to develop your own schemes.

By the way, kirigami in combination with the usual cutting of pieces from paper formed another interesting direction - the pop-up technique. You, for certain, have already come across it more than once when you looked at children's books or postcards — you open a page, and an intricate three-dimensional construction is formed inside.

You close - and all wonders disappear in a flash. It is possible to make such interesting constructions with your own hands, attracting children and, if desired, other members of the household to work.

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