Treatment for lichen in humans
Skin diseases greatly spoil the appearance, as well as deliver a lot of inconvenience and discomfort. And some of them are even dangerous. Many have heard about the lichen, but some still believe that such a disease affects only animals. In fact, this is not the case. Deprive can occur in humans.
What is this disease?
Deprive is a generic name for a group of skin diseases caused by the activity of bacteria, fungi, or viruses. Some believe that such a disease can develop only in children in contact with homeless and neglected animals. Yes, a child may have it, but adults are not insured from such a disease.
The main varieties: their manifestations, causes and methods of treatment
There are various types of lichen. Each of them has its own way of infection, manifestations and features of treatment. Diagnosis is carried out by scraping and subsequent examination of skin cells under a microscope. It is worthwhile to dwell on each variety in more detail.
Pink lichen - a disease that has a viral nature. It has not yet been established which virus provokes the development, but some scientists believe that this is one of the herpes. The activity of the virus manifests in the event that a person’s immune system is weakened. The disease is non-infectious, it can not be transmitted by sexual, domestic or airborne droplets.
How does it look like? Here are the main symptoms:
- Round spots appear on the body, they often flake off, especially in the middle.
- Sometimes there are pustular or vesicular rashes, which accumulate in a circle and are surrounded by a red pronounced border.
- Itching often occurs. Spots itch, especially when touched.
- In some cases, there may be weak pain.
As for the treatment, it is limited to relieving symptoms. So, if the spots are very itchy, then antihistamine local remedies may be prescribed (for example, Fenistil gel) or creams with cooling and antipruritic effects.
With severe inflammation, the doctor may recommend the use of corticosteroid ointments. Sometimes, ultraviolet irradiation is effective.During the period of the disease should not be washed areas of damage (especially with soap), you can wipe them with a cotton pad moistened in an antiseptic composition.
Ringworm is characterized by the fact that lesions can be localized on all parts of the body, including hairy ones. Most preschool children suffer from ailment. The causative agents are certain fungi that begin to multiply in a humid environment.
This lichen is very contagious, it is transmitted by contact or household means (for example, from sick animals, through the soil, when shaking hands or using common personal hygiene products). Moreover, when infected from animals, the flow will be quite difficult.
Manifestations of the disease:
- Red rash appears on the body. They scaly and can grow into nearby areas of the body.
- There is severe itching.
- If the hairy area (for example, the head) is affected, then the hair on it will break at the root and drop out.
- The spots can emit a characteristic sweetish smell (in severe cases).
How to treat ringworm in a person?
- Since the causative agent is a fungus, it is advisable to take antifungal medicines, such as "Fungerbin", "Lamisil" and some others.
- If the rash is insignificant, it is enough to use local antifungal agents, for example, Mycozoral.
- Also, the affected areas can be treated with sulfuric ointment or a weak iodine solution.
- Some procedures may also be effective: phonophoresis, ultraviolet irradiation, and electrophoresis.
Pityriasis versicolor (also called multicolored) develops due to the activity of fungi. They can multiply in a humid environment. Also, ailment can be a complication of seborrheic dermatitis (especially if a person is constantly in the sun). In most cases, this deprivation is not contagious (if hygiene is observed). There is a hereditary factor.
- First there are spots of pink-yellow color. They are not even, but have clearly defined boundaries. Dimensions are approximately 5-7 millimeters in diameter.
- Then the stains darken and get a brown shade. They will not darken in the sun.
- Rashes can peel.
- In the absence of treatment, the spots grow, merge into single foci.
- There is an itch.
Treatment is aimed at eliminating fungi,which is achieved by taking antifungal drugs. For example, such means as Mycozoral, Nizoral can be used locally. This is usually sufficient, as only the upper layers of the skin are affected. But if such measures are ineffective, then drugs (Ketoconazole, Fluconazole and others) can be prescribed inside.
Red lichen planus
Lichen planus is an autoimmune disease. It can occur at any age. Often the course of such a disease is quite protracted.
The causes of the development of the disease are not fully established, but it is believed that there is a hereditary factor. The trigger can be severe stress or, for example, allergies. But such a disease can not be infected, it can not be transmitted.
We list the symptoms:
- First, red papules (bubbles) appear.
- Then they dissolve, but the spots after them remain for a long time.
- Usually rashes are located on the backs of the legs or feet, and sometimes along the course of the passage of large nerves.
- Sites of damage itch, pain possible.
- Mucous membranes can also be affected.
The treatment is aimed at eliminating the foci of inflammation. Here is what can be effective:
- Sometimes antihistamines are prescribed.
- Effective reception of vitamins (C and A).
- Eliminate discomfort can folk remedies, for example, using starch, talcum or chalk.
- In some cases, sedatives are prescribed ("Phenazepam").
Herpes zoster is caused by the herpes virus (and it is activated when immunity is reduced).
- Rashes appear on the body in the form of bubbles with turbid contents.
- The rash is usually localized on the body, sometimes it can spread to the scalp and limbs.
- Sites of rashes itch.
- Appear pain.
- Lymph nodes may increase.
- There may be an increase in temperature.
Here's how the treatment can be carried out:
- Antiviral drugs: "Acyclovir", "Farmvir", "Valtrex".
- Use of local antiviral drugs: Zovirax, Acyclovir.
- Immunomodulators may be administered.
- Effective UV therapy.
- For severe pain, pain medication can be prescribed.
Prevention of lichen of any kind is in compliance with the rules of personal hygiene. After walking, you need to wash your hands, and the use of other people's personal hygiene products is unacceptable. It is also important to strengthen the immune system. But stress is better to avoid.
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