How to test yourself for diabetes
You will need
- - Blood test for sugar;
- - urine analysis for sugar;
- - Glucose-tolerant test.
Pay attention to the presence of the main symptoms of the disease. Despite the division of the pathology into several types, there are signs of diabetes, often occurring in type 1 and type 2 diabetes. At an early stage, there is frequent urination, including at night. The development of dehydration associated with fluid loss is not excluded. The skin on the face becomes drier, the elasticity of the epithelium decreases, dry mouth occurs. Man is almost constantly thirsty.
Often diabetes is accompanied by increased appetite. However, a large amount of food does not bring relief. Do you feel constant fatigue, irritability, decreased concentration? Check for diabetes! Also one of the signs of the disease at an early stage is temporary visual impairment. With the further development of the pathology, damage to the nerves of the feet and hands appears, which is expressed in the presence of "ants", numbness and coldness. Often at night, when the legs are at rest, there are cramps.
Signs of diabetes in severe disease include persistent reduction in vision and the formation of non-healing cracks and leg ulcers. Treatment will help avoid blindness and amputation of the limbs. If there are some of these symptoms, you need to be checked for diabetes by contacting your local GP or endocrinologist. The disease is diagnosed according to the results of blood and urine tests for glucose.
Donate blood on an empty stomach and after eating. This will reveal the difference between the indicators. Blood and urine samples will have to be passed several times. Normally, the blood sugar level is in the range of 70-99 mg / dl. If glucose levels range from 100 to 125 mg / dL, there is a predisposition to the disease. Above 126 mg / dl indicates diabetes mellitus.
Take the glucose-tolerant test, which lasts 3 hours. A nurse will take a blood sample for analysis. Then, drink the glucose solution and donate blood again after 2 hours. In this case, an indicator of blood sugar up to 139 mg / dL is considered normal. From 149 to 200 mg / dL - prediabetic condition. Above 200 - diabetes.
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