How to Stay Fit & Active? By Sandeep Maheshwari in Hindi I Weight Loss Tips
How to Remain Active As You Get Older
As you get older, it might seem difficult to start working out, especially if you haven’t done much exercise in the past. However, it’s more important than ever to exercise as you age. Working out regularly will help you to stay independent, manage chronic pain and illness, avoid falls, and improve your mood. Exercise may also be helpful in keeping your brain limber longer.Exercising regularly will also give you a chance to get out of the house and meet new people—you might even find yourself loving it!
Making Active Living Part of Your Everyday Lifestyle
Break up your sedentary time by running errands, gardening, or doing housework.These activities won’t count toward your 150 minutes, but they will help your body stay awake and lively. Any time you spent not sitting still is time well spent for your body. Avoid spending long stationary periods reading or watching television.
- If you want to spend lots of time reading, listening to music, or watching TV, consider using a treadmill or stationary bike with a book stand. You can read while you exercise, or you can keep the machine in your TV room and exercise while you watch.
Engage in physical activities you enjoy.The best way to ensure that you keep up your exercise is to do activities that are fun for you. Make your exercise regimen into a hobby, or find a way to make your hobbies part of your exercise regimen.
- Golfing, tennis, or pickle are good examples of activities that older adults can do and that they may enjoy.
Get someone to exercise with you.Instead of sitting and chatting, for example, you and your buddy can chat on a walk. If you’re nervous about signing up a for a yoga, Tai Chi, or water aerobics class, find a friend to sign up with you. Or introduce yourself to new people in your class. Exercise is a lot more fun with your spouse or a friend.
- There are programs at fitness facilities called “Silver Sneakers” these programs help adults get more active and involved both physically and socially.
- If you have grandchildren, playing with them is another great option. They’ll enjoy it and it will strengthen your bond together.
- Dogs are wonderful exercise buddies as well. They love to be active outside. Try throwing a ball or Frisbee for your dog or taking it for extra or longer walks. If you don’t have a dog, ask to borrow a friend’s dog. You might even think about adopting a dog—lots of older dogs need loving homes and aren’t as high-energy as younger dogs.
Look for ways to make your daily routine more active.You don’t have to go out of your way to be more active. There are lots of ways to add activity to your daily life without changing too much. Lots of little moments of motion and exercise can add up to big improvements.
- When you’re out, try parking a little further away than usual, to increase your walk. Get off the bus or train a stop or two before your usual stop. Choose the stairs over an elevator or escalator. If you live within walking distance of your destination, walk instead of driving.
- Move around while you wait. Do neck rolls or practice balancing on one foot while you wait in line. Practice knee bends while you wait for water to boil. Do some toe-touches while your bread is in the toaster.
- Studies have shown that no segment of the population can benefit more from physical exercise than the elderly.
Easing into an Active Lifestyle
Talk to your doctor to make sure you’re healthy enough for vigorous exercise.This is especially important if you have a chronic illness or a history of heart disease. Most people can handle some amount of exercise, but some people need to keep it milder than others, at least at first. Ask your doctor what level of physical movement is best for you and what the best way to get active might be.The most important thing is to make sure you avoid being sedentary where you can.
- With your doctor, make a plan to accommodate your lifestyle change. For example, if you’re diabetic, you may need to alter your calorie intake or meal times.
Start slow and gradually build up your exercise regimen.If you haven’t exercised in a long time, don’t try to do too much right away. Start off with just ten minutes of aerobic exercise at a time. You can space these out into different times of the day if you feel comfortable doing so. Gradually work your way up to 30 minutes a day.
- Make sure to warm up before your aerobic exercise by gently stretching your muscles.
- Stay hydrated as you work out.
- Cool down after you’ve finished your workout. You can do this by continuing to move at a lower rate for a couple minutes after you’re done exercising. You should also gently stretch your muscles again.
- Your goal should be to exercise for at least 150 every week, preferably doing some level of moderate physical activity every day for at least ten minutes.
- Another option is to do de-weighted training, especially if you are obese. This involves seeing a physical therapist and doing exercises inside the pool. This is different than water aerobics. Some therapy facilities also offer classes for people with arthritis and musculoskeletal problems.
Keep yourself motivated.It’s natural to dislike or even dread exercise at first if you’re not used to it. The key is to keep at it, even if you don’t like it right away. The more you do it, the more you’ll look forward to it and enjoy it. In the meantime, work at thinking positively about your new regimen.
- Focus on short-term goals like stress reduction and mood improvement. You will see these results much faster than you’ll see long-term results like weight loss and muscle strength. Focusing on the short term will help you to see the immediate improvement that regular exercise can cause in your day-to-day life.
- As you exercise, pay close attention to how your body is moving and feeling. Pay attention to your breathing and heart rate and try to focus on the moment, rather than how long you have left until it’s over. This will help you to keep track of improvements and problems. It will also reduce stress and make the time go by faster.
Don’t ignore problems.Exercising may be difficult, but it should never hurt. If you feel sharp pains or experience shortness of breath, dizziness, or chest pains while exercising, stop right away and talk to your doctor.You should also stop if a joint swells or changes color or hurts when you touch it.
Building a Balanced Exercise Routine
Choose aerobic activities you enjoy.Aerobic activities elevate your heart rate and are key to getting the most out of your exercise routine. They help you to better regulate your breathing and feel more awake as well as improving your endurance in day-to-day life and activities.
- Aerobic activities include swimming, jogging, riding a bike, dancing, and tennis.
- You should try to do 150 minutes of aerobic activity per week, preferably in 30 minute blocks most days of the week.
- Aerobic activity can help to decrease your risk of heart disease and obesity, as well as lowering your chances of developing type 2 diabetes. If you already have diabetes, aerobic exercise can help keep your glucose levels under control. Moderate aerobic exercise also promotes bone strength and can reduce joint problems like arthritis.
- Try to do two to three days of resistance training each week. This may involve using Nautilus machines or doing some isometric exercises against a wall or chair.
Engage in strength training activities.Strength training builds up your muscles and bone mass through repetitive motion using weights or resistance. They can help you keep your balance better and avoid falls and help you maintain your ability to do simple, everyday activities like sitting, standing, and lifting things.
- You can strength train with exercise bands or small weights. Cans of food work in place of weights. You can also engage more in everyday activities like carrying moderately heavy loads around the house or grocery store.
- As you become more comfortable with weight-lifting, build the amount of weight you lift or the number of reps (times you lift the weight). This will increase your strength over time and improve the benefits of your strength training.
- You should do your strength training in addition to your 150 weekly minutes of aerobic exercise.Don’t replace aerobic activity with strength training, because they help your body in different ways.
Work on your flexibility.Improving flexibility helps you to be able to use your joints and muscles more fully and with less pain or risk of injury. This is useful for day-to-day activities like playing with grandchildren and tying shoes.
- Yoga is an excellent way to improve your flexibility. Sign up for a yoga class aimed at seniors or, if there aren’t any in your area, find yoga videos for seniors online and follow along carefully.Do this in addition to your other exercise, not in replacement of any of it.
- Do some gentle stretches in the morning when you first get up. This will help wake your body up and prepare it for the day as well as helping to increase your overall flexibility.
Improve your balance.This is one of the best and easiest ways to keep your body in good working order.Working on your balance will help you to maintain your ability to sit and stand with ease, in addition to helping you avoid falls.Work on your balance at least three times a week. You can do this by sitting and standing without using any support and by practicing standing on one foot.
- Yoga and Tai Chi are also good ways to improve your balance.Sign up for a class for seniors or follow along with a video online.
Take a break if you need to.If you hurt yourself or start to feel achy, it’s okay to take a day or two off. Don’t keep exercising on a swollen joint or injured limb. If you’re not sure whether or how to continue, talk to your doctor.\
- If you don’t have time to do your full workout, try to at least do something. Even ten minutes of exercise a day is better than nothing. And don’t give up if you’ve gone a couple of days without exercising. Your body will forgive you!
Keeping Your Mind in Shape
Stimulate your brain.Any mentally engaging activity you engage in helps keep the neurons in your brain firing. Take a class or read a book about something you don’t know much about. Do puzzles, crosswords, or Sudoku. Play games that get your brain working, like Trivial Pursuit or Scattergories.
- If you like to play games on a phone or tablet, there are many applications that can be fun and enjoyable.
Exercise regularly.Regular, vigorous exercise keeps your cardiovascular system healthy, which keeps the blood flowing properly to your brain. Regular exercise has been shown to keep Alzheimer’s at bay.It also helps keep your brain working at a steady level.Plus, it’s good for you!
Maintain a healthy diet.Feed your brain omega-3 fatty acids with fish and nuts. Eating antioxidant-rich foods like fruits and vegetables, especially leafy-green vegetables, also keeps your brain nourished.
- Omega-3 fatty acids are great for brain health and development. They have also been implicated in reducing inflammation and pain.
- Add whole grains into your diet by eating whole wheat bread instead of white and brown rice instead of white rice.
- Dark, leafy greens like kale, spinach, and collard greens are high in fiber and iron-rich. Eat them as a side dish or extra ingredient with your meal.
- Instead of cookies or chips, try eating a handful of nuts for a snack. They’ll stave off hunger longer and are better for you.
Don’t stress.Stress can cause memory problems and make you feel crummy, which isn’t good for your ability to focus. Try activities like exercise, meditation, or deep breathing to reduce your stress levels.
- Try meditating for ten minutes every morning. Sit up as straight as you can in a comfortable chair and relax your body. Close your eyes and clear your mind. Count your breaths: one in the inhale, two on the exhale, three on the next inhale, and so on to ten. Then repeat until your time is up.
- Do some deep breathing when you get frustrated or overwhelmed. Breathe in deeply through your nose and exhale slowly through your mouth. This will help you (and your body) to calm down.
- Mild exercise like a brisk walk or even some mild stretching can help shift your focus to your body and release endorphins, a type of mood-lifting hormone.
Maintain your relationships, and build new ones.Studies show that people who are socially engaged experience less mental decline. This is because being around other people stimulates your brain and provides social support, reducing stress.
- Visit with friends and family as regularly as possible.
- Try volunteering. You’ll meet other volunteers and maybe interact with the people you help. Most communities have lots of volunteer opportunities—look for something that relates to a hobby or skill you already have or something you’d like to learn more about.
- Senior centers are great places to make friends and participate in group activities like dance nights and bridge games.
- Join a club. There are all kinds of clubs in most communities—book clubs, garden clubs, puzzle groups. Look for one that relates to something you love to do.
- Take a class. Learn that language you’ve always wanted to speak or improve on your knitting. The class can be something you’ve never tried before or something you want to get better at; the key is to interact with other people with similar interests.
QuestionMy energy level is low, what will help?wikiHow ContributorCommunity AnswerTry making time for at least 10-15 minutes of physical activity at the start of the day. This will increase blood circulation and you'll feel more energized throughout the day.Thanks!
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