How to clean the nose of a newborn at home
After birth, the child has various problems, one of which is nasal congestion. The inability to fully breathe affects the general condition of the baby. In an infant, the nasal passages are narrow, the accumulation of mucus prevents the passage of air. After establishing the cause of nasal congestion, it is necessary to properly clean the nose of the newborn.
Preparation and precautions
Starting the purification process, read the rules.
- Prepare sterile cotton wool, 0.9% saline solution, flagella of cotton pads, pear, silicone tubing or aspirator.
- Secure baby's head. Put the baby's head on a soft towel so that it does not turn around. Better if someone helps.
What not to do
Do not use the medicine in the form of a spray, as the pressure can damage the mucous membrane. Many parents consider an effective method of cleansing the nose with breast milk.This is a delusion, as it serves as a breeding ground for microorganisms.
Do not try to clean the nose with cotton buds when the child is restless. You can damage the mucous membrane and cause nasal bleeding.
The causes of the appearance of snot in newborns and infants
Congestion occurs due to swelling and excessive mucus production. During the first days after birth, the baby may snuff because he learns to breathe on his own. When a child sneezes, his nose is cleared of excess fluid. After birth for the first week, breathing should be normalized.
If the baby continues to have shortness of breath, this is:
- Dry indoor air.
- Irritants (allergens) - tobacco smoke, perfume, dust, animal hair, household chemicals, etc.
- Viral disease.
With dry nasal mucosa, the formation of crusts occurs, and the child becomes defenseless. He stops eating, worries, maybe bleeding. From the nasal passages urgently need to remove mucus, so that it does not interfere with full breathing and does not cause discomfort.
It is not excluded and foreign body, caught in the nasal passages.If you can not extract, you can drip vasoconstrictor drops and try again. If this does not help, you should definitely consult a doctor.
Instructions for cleaning bogs by various means
Soften the crusts with saline. It is necessary to put the child on his back so that his head was slightly upturned. Then drip 3 drops into each nostril. A warm bath before the evening toilet of the nose can help. In this case, the peel and slime to extract will not deliver labor.
They can be made independently.
- Take the cotton pad and break it into two halves. Leave one and break the other into four equal parts.
- Four parts twist flagellum.
- Flagella soak in warm water.
- Introduce rotating movements alternately into each nasal passage and extract the contents (for each nostril there is a separate flagellum).
Medical pears can be bought at the pharmacy. The procedure is done as follows:
- Instill saline into the nose.
- Before use, pour boil and cool.
- Squeeze out the air by squeezing the pear.
- Carefully insert into the nostril and gradually unclench your hand.
- Sharp movements do not, but you should not hesitate.
- After the procedure, pear processed.
Buy a pharmacy device for sucking unwanted liquids. The process of cleansing the nose with an aspirator at home has some similarities with the procedure with a pear. The child will not feel discomfort, but will experience a slight tickling.
- Add saline solution or lubricate the nose with baby oil.
- Insert the tube into the nostril connected to the container. Take a second in the mouth and remove the formation with one suction.
- Remove the contents from the container.
Cleaning with cotton swabs is prohibited. The danger is that inexperienced parents can put the wand too deep and injure the mucous membrane. The wand is larger than the nasal passages in an infant.
Insert one end of the tube into the nasal passage, take the other end into the mouth and draw air in. So the contents of the nose will be extracted.
In addition to aspirators, pears, tubes, flagella and other methods, there are special drops. Means with ease will help to soften the crusts and moisturize the nasal mucosa.But it is worth remembering that sprays for newborns are prohibited, it is better to use drops.
Tips of Dr. Komarovsky
Small children do not know how to blow their nose. They need help in this. Dr. Komarovsky advises using an aspirator. Instilling saline solution in a nose (a teaspoon of salt per 1 liter of water) or physiological, promotes the movement of mucus from the anterior section to distant areas where the child swallows it. It is not worth being afraid of it, it is not dangerous.
Features of the physiological rhinitis in babies
If a runny nose in a baby lasts for several weeks, the child sneezes, coughs, he has a high body temperature, these are the first signals to see a doctor. The main task is to establish the cause.
In newborns, there are two main forms of the common cold:
The acute form is due to infection. At the beginning of the disease, the nasal mucosa swells. The accumulated mucus gives the baby discomfort, makes it difficult to breathe fully, there is a violation of sucking.To find out the cause and help the child recover, immediately contact your pediatrician at the first signs of the disease.
Prevention and helpful tips
As a preventive measure to prevent the formation of crusts and mucus in the nose, it is recommended to monitor the microclimate (air temperature 20-22 degrees, humidity 60%) in the room where the newborn is. Daily wet cleaning and airing. Do not use heaters, as they dry the air. Walk in any weather.
Parents should know how to properly care for their child. Newborns are defenseless and require constant attention and care. If parents do not want to risk and clean their own nose, it is better to consult a doctor. Do not self-medicate. If you have any problems with the health of the baby, call an ambulance.
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