Do I have to get up early: for and against
The ancient Indian teachings so excited the minds that every second today is a vegetarian, vegan or raw foodist. Happy bearers of feminine energy in long skirts, advocating refusal to work in favor of complete psychological and financial dependence on her husband, is also a bizarre brainchild of the philosophy of yoga.
Not bypassed by the pale-faced office workers another life hacking, which was borrowed from the Indian philosophers. These are awakenings at sunrise, which are designed to make a person happy, successful and healthy.
Why get up at dawn?
Women who are focused on the development of their spirituality are happy to tell about the benefits of early awakenings. Usually they have no medical (as well as other, at least some) education, but there is a true faith in the miracle of syroedeness, homeopathy and strange dances to open the female chakras.
At first glance, their arguments seem quite reasonable:
- If you are a mother behind her numerous offspring (of which there is a majority among the trendsetters of the early awakenings),you will finally have the precious time on yourself without the background support "Ma-a-am, I pokak".
- If you are an unhappy office mouse, you will have a chance to calmly tune in to the working mode, instead of jumping up to 15 minutes before going out and galloping towards the subway, pouring half a liter of crappy coffee along the way.
- If you have forgotten who you are and why you came to this world, you finally have a chance to realize the importance of your own existence in the pre-dawn silence.
In general, getting up at five in the morning is a serious bid to start finally controlling your unpredictable life, have time to redo everything before lunch and feel like an adult and successful person.
However, optimistic forecasts are broken about the reality of human physiology.
Why do people not fly like birds
A person can firmly decide that he needs to grow wings, write an article “25 Reasons to Start Growing Wings Right Now”, believe in what has been written and wait for it to happen, at the same time gaining like-minded people on social networks. Alas, the wings will not grow from this.
Man does not have power over protein synthesis in his body and over the algorithms by which this process is carried out.He cannot change the mechanisms of the work of his body that have been created in the course of evolution for thousands of years and have shown their success for the survival of the species.
As if the human did not pyzhilsya, the protein molecules he knows themselves synthesized exactly as prescribed in the genome, and go to the growth of muscles and bones, the formation of hormones and enzymes, and the growth of wings do not go. Contrary to the illusions about our mighty control over the options “sleep” and “wake up”, the value of the willpower here is also very conditional.
How does sleep turn on?
We have a “magic button” in our brain - the hypothalamus. He is responsible for the cyclical change of sleep and wakefulness. To ensure that the brain does not attack tyranny and does not begin to immerse a person in a nap, when it is irrelevant, the hypothalamus is linked to the retina of the eye. It is she who constantly “reports” to the hypothalamus how much light has entered her, and the latter regulates a person's activity in accordance with the information received.
Lots of light? Great morning! Raise the level of testosterone, make a man a notable erection. We kick the thyroid gland, let it work: it increases pressure, pulse and stimulates the appetite
We push the center of thermoregulation: e-gee-gay, it's time to raise the temperature of the body by half a degree, or else our man, look, wrapped up in a blanket and does not want to wake up. Rise, it's time to get up!
Little light? Increase the level of somatotropic hormone, transfer the body to the mode of storage and recovery. We increase the level of melatonin, let the person yawn and think about how to move to a horizontal position as soon as possible. Reduce the temperature - let him look for a blanket and quickly hide himself. Good night sweet dreams.
Important bird: how to determine your type of circadian rhythms
The mechanism I described is common to all people. But there are nuances that make a person an "owl" or a "lark". It used to be assumed that only the mode in which a person is accustomed to exist determines what kind of “bird” he will become.
Nobody paid attention to the poor fellows who hated early wake-ups from the kindergarten, slept on the matinee, did not understand anything until dinner, but later came to their senses and enjoyed working and having fun until late at night. It is these people who write angry posts on Facebook about the inhumanity of the existing system, where you have to be conscious at 8–9 in the morning.And where to get it, is it consciousness, when neither coffee, nor charging, nor trying to go to bed early help? This is the true "owl".
They are few, and for some reason they were useful to our mind in the process of evolution. Maybe they at the dawn of mankind generated great ideas at night. Or maybe they guarded the rest of the people from predators and hostile communities. One way or another, in their genotype are prescribed daily rhythms that do not coincide with the generally accepted regime. Early awakenings for such people will bring neither joy, nor new discoveries, but only bouts of misanthropy and unhealthy attachment to caffeine. Morning exercise for "owls" is a real torture. But evening sport does not bring them any problems. Such people are quite active in the evenings, they are able to enjoy physical activities and do not have problems falling asleep even after intensive strength training closer to midnight.
There are also few real “larks”. Their nervous system is sharpened for early awakening, it is easy for them to get up, they feel fine in the morning and fall asleep easily at dusk. "Larks" are not clear nightly inspiration attacks,as well as the evening vigil at the screen of the tablet in order to prove on the Internet that someone is wrong. They do not tolerate night shifts. Suffer from severe insomnia. Best of all, their bodies function in conditions of a rigidly built regime.
If there are not so many “owls” and “larks”, then who are the other people? The authors of the gloss dubbed them "pigeons". These are people with high ability to adapt. Their hypothalamus is less conservative in the formation of daily rhythms and more attentive to messages from the retina. This means that the preferences of such people may vary depending on external conditions. It was the “pigeons” who noticed with the onset of spring that it became easier for them to get up in the morning, and the night's sleep seemed to become more deep and refreshing. This is because lengthening the daylight helps to improve the daily fluctuations in the production of melatonin and debugs the rhythms of sleep and wakefulness.
For those who adapt easily, it is easier to live - this is the law of evolution, which explains the fact that the "opportunists" are the majority among us. There is a chance that the transition to early awakenings will bring “pigeons” a better quality of life.Provided that the rise at five in the morning is compensated by going to bed no later than nine or ten in the evening.
Norm or latent disease?
There is a problem that is considered to be a typical “owl”. Some people can not build a regime of the day, at least in accordance with the generally accepted. They do not manage to fall asleep in the evening - absolutely, absolutely. The notorious glass of warm milk does not help, the purest crisp bed linen does not save, and there are no changes from the airing of the room to the temperature of the detox. Typically, these sufferers sadly stare at the TV until the morning, and only in the morning they begin to tend to sleep. If they are freelancers, then they sleep until lunch. Wake up with a feeling of deep disgust for everything. And if the service calls, they are joylessly dragged to work, sleep on the move until the evening, and then again they cannot sleep a wink.
A feature that always attracts attention is the general negative tone of the story of such people about their lives. They are usually regretted, prescribe sleeping pills and recommend "pull yourself together". Of course, none of the above helps.Because so often a subdepressive state proceeds - not a depression yet, but not the norm anymore.
The fact is that such "false-owls" break down neurotransmitter metabolism in the brain. The production of dopamine, serotonin, norepinephrine is involved. But at the same time the conductor's function of the hypothalamus, which controls sleep, also breaks down. But such people cannot track that trouble with mood and life in general has faded, lost paint, and blamed everything on the damned regime, lack of will and its own "owl". Although neither the regime nor the Spartan will here will not help. And antidepressants and psychotherapy will help.
Why pensioners do not sleep
Every morning, young people wake up desperately to the unmerciful ringing of the alarm clock. They hope to sleep off in retirement, not knowing that this plan will not allow the majority to realize their own brain. Due to the age-related decrease in the volume of the cerebral cortex and the reduction in the number of nerve cells, the need for sleep decreases from 7–8 hours to 4–5.
The daily rhythms of old men also change: most of them turn into "larks". The structure of sleep breaks down, its quality deteriorates. What does not add to the joy of life
Therefore, already at 4 am full of misanthropy and enthusiasm, pensioners wake up to do great things: storm public transport, take turns at the doctor at 6:00 (although the time of reception on the coup 11:45), write complaints about sluggish and sleepy representatives of state institutions and teach everyone who gets in their way.
Retired people can tell all about the "charms" of early awakening: both about the indispensable sense of daytime weakness and about the impossibility of napping for an hour during the day, because this will mean the inability to sleep in the evening without sleeping pills, and about the terrible mood with which one has to get up in the morning. They, alas, have no choice. We have to balance in search of the lesser of evils, alternating night vigils with the use of sleeping pills.
How to choose the right mode
Get up or not get up early? There is only one criterion for the correct choice - your own comfort. The need for sleep, as well as the optimal time for awakening, is an individual thing. Therefore, heroically to overcome what is inherent in the genotype is not worth it. Daily rises at 5:00 in the morning will turn for "owl" at best an irritation to the whole white world, at worst - will begin insomnia, pressure surges and attacks of wolf hunger.A "lark" is unlikely to ask a question about early awakenings - he is always getting up at dawn.
Your own hypothalamus does not cheat. Therefore, it is better to hurry into the arms of Morpheus, while he is favorable to you.
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