Brazilian embroidery technique (Brazilian Dimensional Embroidery): features of stitches and stitches
This flower is often the “protagonist” of the works. After learning how to recreate a rose according to the technique of Brazilian embroidery, you can reproduce floral motifs in the composition.
For work you will need:
- Viscose thread;
- Needle number 3;
- Linen or cotton fabric.
The central part and the petals of the flower are made by type-setting stitches.
The thread is drawn on the front side of the canvas, we make a stitch called “back needle”, i.e. we will hold the needle from right to left almost at the same point where the thread was drawn, and leave it in that position.
We put the thread on the index finger of the left hand (on the back side of it). Now bend the finger, stretch the thread and twist it around the finger. We make a loop around the finger, first bringing it under the thread, which is now in the work, and then under the thread that comes out of the fabric.
Now we will tighten the thread again, lift the loop with the finger to the needle tip, then throw a loop on it, tighten it and move it closer to the point of needle exit from the web.
In the same way we type the rest of the loop, all of them should be 11.
Hold the hinges with your hand and carefully thread the thread through them with a needle. To secure the seam, we pass the needle through the inside, bringing it exactly to the point of the thread exit.
Next, tighten the last, fix it. We do this carefully, so that the canvas is not pinched. The center of the rose is ready.
We continue the Brazilian embroidery, making volumetric petals of the first circle. For them, you need to take the thread, the tone of which is lighter than for the central part of the flower.
So, the Brazilian Dimensional Embroidery should not be confused with “bulk embroidery”, because in it, the relief is created not through the use of auxiliary materials (beads, wire), but by combining and layering decorative stitches such as Couching, Woven picot, Bullion stitch, Cast on stitch, Drizzle stitch, French Knot and others.
Another fundamental difference between "Brazilian embroidery" from all other known techniques is the fact that its subject matter never goes beyond the vegetation world. The main object of this embroidery is all kinds of flowers and leaves, much less often trees and grass, very rarely small birds, and never people, animals or inanimate objects.
To perform all the seams of "Brazilian embroidery" it is necessary to take sewing needles of suitable length (Milliners needles).
Couching ("coaching", "patch seam")
The easiest seam "Brazilian embroidery." They can embroider stems and branches. The main thread is laid along the contour of the pattern, and then with small stitches (the slope is always in the direction of the thread) is attached to the base.
Stem Stitch ("stalked seam")
When threading with a Z-weave, sew from left to right and always lay the thread above the stitch line.
Leaf Stitch (leaf embroidery)
The main seam for embroidery leaves. The order of embroidery, see the figure, while the distance from A to B is 1/3 of the length of the sheet.
Bullion stitch ("twisted or lace stitch")
It is performed as shown in the figure. If you work with an original thread with a Z-shaped weave, always turn the turns clockwise (if with an S-shaped weave, then vice versa). The width of the "winding" on the needle should be equal (if the seam will lie on the fabric) or exceed (if the seam rises above the fabric) the distance from A to B.
Cast-on stitch ("typesetting stitch")
Embroider as shown in the picture.
In order to achieve an airy (fluffy) effect (“Loose cast-on stitch”), the typesetting stitch should be performed as shown in the figure.
To perform a “top-down stitch,” you should string the thread as shown in the figure.
To perform a “double stitch” you need 2 threads. Secure both ends of the thread with one knot.
Repeat the same steps as for the simple “in-line stitch”, just typing the volume, use alternately, then the right, then the left side of the thread (see figure).
The visual difference between the three "spliced seams" (15 turns around the needle).
Popular use of the “stitched seam”.
The seam is made perpendicular (see picture) and is attached only on one side. It differs from all others in that the thread is first twisted around a needle and then inserted into the eye of a needle.
Braided suture for embroidering petals.
Detached buttonhole stitch
Embroider as shown in the picture. It is used for embroidery of leaves and petals that can be fixed both on one and on both sides.
Long-Tailed French Knot (“long French knot”) or Pistril stitch (“pistil stitch”)
In Brazilian embroidery, only one type of artificial silk with Z-shaped weaving can be used (such threads are not unwound while making decorative stitches).
EdMar silk floss is different from DMC cotton floss.
True, they can be of different thickness and the most incredible monochromatic or tinted coloration.
If initially these threads were made only in Brazil, now they are produced in other countries of the world, in particular in the USA.
So, one of the main suppliers of materials for Brazilian embroidery is the American company EdMar. In addition to 7 variants of threads of 200 colors (hand-painted), she also offers special sewing needles of different lengths (Milliners needles).
Threads from EdMar
Glory (Glory) - thin double-layer loosely wound.
Iris (Iris) - medium bilayer with loose winding.
Frost (Frost) - medium three-layered with very rigid winding.
Lola (Lola) - thick three-layer, great for thicker branches and stems.
Wax (Cire) - thick three-layered, slightly more friable.
Lola Nova (Nova) - very thick six-layer with loose winding, which is useful for filling.
Bucle (Bucle) - bucled threads.
Madeira - 80 monochrome flowers and 10 toned flowers.
DMC Satin (100% viscose) in a wide range of colors.
Sulky Rayon Thread - thin is available in 388 colors, thicker - in 102 monophonic and 54 tinted.
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